Scaling Ethereum has been a hot topic in recent months, and the network’s transition to a proof-of-stake consensus algorithm in 2022 opened the door for many different scaling solutions. Gal Ron, a product manager and blockchain researcher at StarkWare, explains the problem with Ethereum and how it can be solved. He explains that Ethereum has to satisfy the “trust” requirement, which puts a limitation on the throughput of the system. To solve this, StarkWare has taken a different approach of “scaling Ethereum from Ethereum and not creating another chain” through StarkNet and StarkEx. These solutions rely on zero-knowledge proofs, which reduce the amount of computational work that nodes on Ethereum have to put in. This increases the throughput of the network without sacrificing security. ZK-STARKs allow blockchains to move computations to a single off-chain STARK prover and then verify the integrity of those computations using an on-chain STARK Verifier. StarkWare has plans to continue developing their solutions in the future, and their approach to scaling Ethereum is a promising one.